Saddam Hussein becomes president of Iraq


Iraq - Iran war

March 1988

Iraq attacks Kurdish town of Halabjah with poison gas, killing thousands

August 1988

End of Iraq-Iran war, one of the bloodiest of the Middle East

August 1990

Iraq invades Kuwait, prompting what becomes known as the first Gulf War. Objectives of Baghdad are an outlet on the Persian Gulf, Kuwait's financial assets and oil resources

August 1990

The United Nations draw economic and military sanctions against the Saddam regime

January 1991

US backed by an international coalition with 39 countries invaded Iraq. Desert Storm operation started

April 1991

UN-approved haven established in northern Iraq to protect the Kurds

August 1992

A no-fly zone, which Iraqi planes are not allowed to enter, is set up in southern Iraq

April 1995

UN allows partial resumption of Iraq's oil exports to buy food and medicine in an oil-for-food programme

August 1996

Iraqi forces launch offensive into northern no-fly zone and capture Irbil

February 2001

Britain, US carry out bombing raids to try to disable Iraq's air defence network

February 2003

Citizens around the world take to the streets to protest against the Iraq invasion prepared by George W. Bush

March 20, 2003

US and UK, backed by an international coalition, invaded Iraq. Iraqi Freedom operation started

December 2003

Saddam Hussein is captured in Tikrit

December 2003

There are several suicide attacks in the country, killing hundreds of people

April - May 2004

The case on the abuse of Iraqi prisoners by US troops in Abu Ghreib prison in Baghdad is opened


First wave of sectarian violence throughout Iraq: incessant and growing episodes of inter-confessional violence

May 2006

Nouri al-Maliki is elected prime minister

December 2006

Saddam Hussein is executed

January 2007

US President George Bush announces a new strategy for Iraq; thousands of US troops are sent to defend security in Baghdad

December 2007

Kurdish and Shia leaders form an alliance to support Prime Minister Maliki's government, but fail to bring in Sunni leaders

December 2010

Operation Iraqi Freedom is renamed Operation New Dawn, marking the beginning of the withdrawal of US troops from Iraq

March 2011

The Iraqi Spring breaks out with youthful discontent due to the lack of essential services, tens of thousands of people protest for 10 months in the main Iraqi cities, suffering the repression of Al-Maliki

January 2013

The Iraqi Social Forum is launched, launching national campaigns for human rights and social cohesion

April 2013

Sunni insurgency intensifies, with levels of violence matching those of 2008

June 2014

Islamic State conquests Mosul, the second biggest city of Iraq

June 2014

With the establishment of the Islamic State in different areas of the country the second Iraqi civil war began, considered as such because it arose following an armed insurgency movement represented by the Islamic State against the central government


Iraqi forces and Kurdish soldiers started the offensive supported by the US- coalition to recapture Mosul

October 2016

The offensive start of the Iraqi military and Kurdish peshmerga, supported by the anti-IS coalition for the reconquest of Mosul

July 2017

After nine months of intense fightings, Mosul is liberated

March 2018

Fifteenth anniversary of the American invasion of Iraq

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